Cyber Security Consumer Tip Sheet by MediaSmarts

Cybersquatting – Scammers may register a Web address that looks like it belongs to a legitimate business, or one that can easily be typed be accident when navigating to a legitimate Web site. Tools to use: Bookmarks, Content Filters

Cookies – Small files your Browser saves on your computer. They often include data like your login and password.  Tools to use: Browser and antivirus updates, Clearing browser cache, Privacy policies, Private browsing tools, Secure sites.

Data theft – Your financial and personal data can be very valuable in the wrong hands.  Tools to use: Bookmarks, Browser and antivirus updates, Clearing browser cache, Creating strong pass words, Email encryption, Firewalls, Privacy policies, Privacy settings, Private browsing tools, Reporting online crime, Secure sites.

Excessive spending – The ability to buy real or virtual things instantly can make it easy to lose track of how much money you’re spending.  Tools to use: Prepaid credit, Content filters

Griefing – Some people enjoy annoying other people on purpose and ruining experiences that should be fun.  Tools to use: Blocking other users, Contacting sites and ISPs, Content filters, Privacy settings, User/vendor rating systems

Identity spoofing – It’s easy to pretend to be someone else online. There are lots of fake Facebook profiles and Twitter accounts that pretend to be from someone they’re not.  Tools to use: Blocking other users, Browser and antivirus updates, E-mail encryption, Firewalls, Managing reputation, Privacy policies, Privacy settings.

Identity theft – Scammers can steal your online identity by getting access to your credit card or bank information or to other data you use to verify your identity.  Tools to use: Bookmarks, Browser and antivirus updates, Clearing browser cache, Firewalls, Privacy policies, Private browsing tools, Reporting online crime, Secure sites.

Malware – These programs — which may pretend to be something useful or install themselves by getting you to click a box — can hurt your computer or even take control of it.  Tools to use: Bookmarks, Browser and antivirus updates, Firewalls, Secure sites.

Online fraud – It’s easy to be taken in by people online who promise more than they intend to deliver. You can see a complete list of online frauds at http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/scams-fraudes/indexeng.htm.  Tools to use: Bookmarks, Contacting sites and ISPs, Prepaid credit, Reporting online crime, Secure sites, User/vendor rating systems.

Phishing scams – E-mails that try to get data from you by pretending to be from a bank or other business.  Tools to use: E-mail encryption, Reporting online crime.

Spyware – Malware that collects data from your computer. Some spyware records everything you type Tools to use: Bookmarks, Browser and antivirus updates, Firewalls, Secure sites.

http://mediasmarts.ca/sites/mediasmarts/files/pdfs/tipsheet/CyberSecurityConsumerTipsheetv4.pdf